TransLink is Metro Vancouver’s main public transit system that includes buses, the SkyTrain, SeaBus and West Coast Express.
To find how to get from one place in the Lower Mainland to another, see the Trip Planning Tool on the TransLink website. To learn more about the transit company in general, see below.
VANCOUVER TRANSIT AND COVID-19
In response to the coronavirus outbreak, Translink has implemented a number of measures to help keep its employees and the public safe.
Since late March, 2020, passengers have been asked to board buses by the rear doors. As ticket machines are at the front of the vehicles, fare collection has been temporarily suspended (but only on buses, and this will no longer be the case as of June 1st). The company has also increased the thoroughness and frequency of its cleaning practices, and limited the number of seats that can be used by passengers.
As of the beginning of April, because of reduced demand, SeaBuses have been departing only once every half hour on weekdays instead of the usual once every 15 minutes. As of mid-May, however, sailings are again running as usual into the evenings, whereas for a while they had not been.
As of June 1st, 2020, regular fare collection resumes on all bus routes. Passengers will also once again board from the front doors instead of the rear ones.
For more details about the transit company’s response to the current pandemic, and for the most up-to-date information about the status of services, see the TransLink website.
To learn more about how the coronavirus is affecting the Lower Mainland in other ways, see our article about Vancouver COVID-19 Cancellations and Closures.
TransLink Public Transit System
The public transit system services Metro Vancouver with a variety of routes and ways to get around. The SkyTrain, SeaBus, and buses are used daily by Vancouverites on their commutes and for pleasure. West Coast Express trains are used at rush hour times on weekdays.
TransLink absorbed the BC Transit bus system for Vancouver a while back and created a cohesive network where one card (the Compass Card) can now be used for access to all methods of transportation. As well as using the Compass Card for payments, you can also tap a valid credit card when boarding. You can also use cash, but only on buses.
(Note: Taxis, UBER, Lyft and other commercial transportation companies are not part of TransLink and do not accept Compass Card payment.)
Free Bus Service for Kids in October!
Did you know that school-aged children get to ride public buses for free for a week in the fall (or at least that’s been the case in previous years). For details click Free Bus Transit for School Kids.
How the TransLink System Works
The Lower Mainland is connected by a series of transportation hubs with connections between them. Arguably the most important terminal, at least for all services other than public bus transportation, is Waterfront Station which is in the heart of downtown Vancouver and connected to all parts of the region by SkyTrain, SeaBus and the West Coast Express.
For all public transit other than the West Coast Express, the TransLink system is broken up by zones. Depending on how many zones you travel through, the amount you’ll pay varies. (For travel rates on the West Coast Express see the TransLink.ca website.)
If you are only traveling by bus then you only have to pay for one zone, regardless of how far you go and the number of zones. If you’re traveling by SeaBus, on the other hand, you will be passing through two zones. By SkyTrain you might pass through one, two or three zones depending on how far you’re traveling and where you start. After 6:30 pm and on weekends, the cost of all bus, SeaBus and SkyTrain travel is the price of just one zone.
The Compass Card
A Compass Card is your ultimate public transit pass. When entering the bus, SkyTrain, SeaBus or even a West Coast Express train all you have to do is tap your card and the fares owed are automatically deducted from your account. You can add money to your card through a Compass Kiosk located at most SeaBus and SkyTrain terminals or online on the Compass Card website.
Many buses in the public transit system are electric and rely on overhead wire systems for their power. These systems are primarily in the City of Vancouver but there are also hybrid buses that are in use in other parts of the Metro Vancouver area.
TransLink operates over 200 bus routes in 20 different municipalities within Metro Vancouver. On an average day, combined, the buses travel over a quarter of a million kilometres!
There are three lines of SkyTrains that go to different locations. Between them, the light rapid transit system features over 50 stations that connect the City of Vancouver with half a dozen different municipalities as well as with Vancouver International Airport.
The Expo Line travels from Waterfront Station and then branches, with each section leading to either Burnaby, Surrey or New Westminster. The Canada Line goes from Waterfront Station in downtown Vancouver to Richmond and YVR Airport. Last but not least, the Millennium Line runs from Vancouver to Port Moody, Coquitlam and Burnaby.
An interesting feature of the SkyTrains is that, since they began to operate back in 1986, they operate with no staff or conductor on board. They are fully automated (with conductors working remotely to make sure things go smoothly)!
The SeaBus is the ferry service linking North Vancouver with the downtown Vancouver area, and, by doing so, to the rest of Metro Vancouver. The ferry runs from Lonsdale Quay to Waterfront Station and it can carry up to 400 passengers at a time. The boat departs approximately once every 15 minutes and it takes about a quarter of an hour to cross from one side of Burrard Inlet to the other (which is faster than driving via one of the bridges even in good traffic).
Journeying through Burrard Inlet, the SeaBus has captains who steer the vessel through the maze of ships and barges that harbour in the inlet. The views from the ferry are impressive!
Over the course of the year the SeaBus goes from Waterfront Station to Lonsdale Quay and back close to 25,000 times!
West Coast Express
The West Coast Express is a commuter train that goes from Vancouver to Mission in the Fraser Valley with half a dozen stops in between. The rail service runs on weekdays only, Monday to Friday, during rush hour times. There are no trains on weekends and statutory holidays, and there are revised schedules on some other special dates (like Easter Monday and Christmas Eve).
Trains depart once every half hour from Waterfront Station between around 6:40 and 8:40 am, and inbound trains originating in Mission run between 5:25 and 7:25 am. Afternoon service runs every 30 minutes from Waterfront Station from 3:50 and 6:20 pm, and beginning in Mission between 5:05 and 7:35 pm. (Note: Exact times and other details are subject to change.)
For more information about the commuter train service, see the TransLink.ca website.
Vancouver Transit Prices and Fares
As already mentioned, the amount you pay depends on the amount of zones you travel through. For the purposes of this article, we have divided up the amount you pay based on the number of zones below.
(Note: Transit rates are subject to change. Prices listed below are as of the spring of 2020 for bus, SeaBus and SkyTrain services and for payment made by Compass Cards. Tickets paid for by cash or credit card cost between about 60 cents and $1.25 extra for adults, but the same for seniors and children. Prices for the West Coast Express are different and can be found on the TransLink.ca website.)
- Adults – between $2.40 and $3.00
- Concession (Seniors and Youth under 18) – $1.95
- Children (ages 5 and under) – free
- Monthly – $98 (or $56 for Concession)
- Adults – between $3.45 and $4.25
- Concession – $2.95
- Children (ages 5 and under) – free
- Monthly – $131 (or $56 for Concession)
- Adults – between $4.50 and $5.75
- Concession – $3.95
- Children (ages 5 and under) – free
- Monthly – $177 (or $56 for Concession)
There are also DayPasses available for around $10.50 (or $8.25 for seniors and youth under 18) which give you the ability to travel across as many zones as you’d like to. Eligible university students also qualify for U Passes which are discounted monthly travel cards.
For more information see the page about Fares and Passes on the TransLink website.
Reasons to Take Public Transit
There are many reasons why taking public transit is a good idea. Here are some of them:
- Taking public transit is better for the environment than driving a car. Buses burn less fuel per passenger than most personal vehicles, and they go whether you take them or not. Adding one more passenger requires close to no extra fuel (and thus almost no additional carbon emissions)!
- If you take public transit you don’t have to pay for parking at your final destination.
- The more that people take public transit, the less congested Vancouver’s streets become.
- You can read a book or listen to music on your earphones instead of having to concentrate on the traffic.
- At rush hour, buses often get access to priority lanes, and on SkyTrains and the SeaBus there is no traffic congestion at all.
- Residents of Metro Vancouver subsidize the cost of TransLink services through property taxes and gas levies. If you live in Metro Vancouver, you’re paying for the service, so you might as well use it!
For more information on Vancouver’s public transit system and to see schedules click TransLink Information.
For information about events and attractions you can visit using public transit, check out the following: